Luxor is an Egyptian city administratively affiliated to Luxor Governorate. It is considered its administrative capital. It is geographically located on the southern side of Egypt, specifically on the banks of the Nile River, which divides it into western and eastern land. It is located astronomically at 32.39 degrees east of the Greenwich line, and on a circle 25.41 degrees north of the equator, its land area is 416 km², it is 89 meters.
The city has been known by several names throughout history; It was called in the eras of the ancient Egyptians by the name of Sono, and in the Ptolemaic period by the name of Sin, and the days of the rule of the Nubians Yaba Swan. Aswan is famous for having many tourist attractions, such as: Elephantine Island, which is located opposite the city, and was known in the past as Abu, meaning Sin El Fil. The tomb of the Aga Khan, which is located on a plateau in the bank of the West Nile River, specifically opposite the Botanical Garden.